Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure done under general anaesthesia. It is done to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis to diagnose and treat various conditions.
This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimal access surgery.
Laparoscopy is a small telescope that is attached to a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor. Gas is pumped into the abdomen to make it easier to look around and to operate. During laparoscopy, a small incision is made within the umbilicus (belly button). You may need 1-3 more small incisions above the pubic area depending on how much surgery needs doing during laparoscopy. Each of these incisions is about 1 cm.
After the procedure, the gas is let out of your abdomen, the incisions are closed using dissolvable stitches and a dressing is applied.
The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include:
- It gives better view of the pelvic and abdominal organs
- Less pain after the operation
- You can go home on the same day of the procedure, although you may need to stay in hospital overnight
Laparoscopy is done for the following reasons:
- Diagnose the reason of pelvic pain, painful periods or pain during intercourse
- Treat endometriosis and divide scar tissue
- Removal of ovarian cyst
- Check whether the Fallopian tubes are opened or blocked